About Fiat Group: a history of technological supremacy and state-of-the-art engines

Some cars go down in history for their technological or stylistic innovations. Others deserve to be remembered sentimentally for the role they've played in the daily life of an entire generation or country. But few succeed in combining the two - technology and sentiment - and leave an eternal mark.

Now in over 80 countries, the FIAT 500 has evolved into a beloved global icon, winning the hearts of passionate drivers, motor journalists and judges alike. Most recently winning 60 international awards, including being named 2008 European Car of the Year and 2009 World Car Design of the Year. Additionally, FIAT MultiAir Technology was recognized as the "Single Most Innovative Engine Technology" of 2010 by the International Engine of the Year Awards panel. Now that's love.

At FIAT of Ft. Myers we have strong and committed specialists with many years of experience satisfying our customers' needs, and look forward to the opportunity to introduce you to the FIAT brand!

Fiat Group: a history of technological supremacy and state-of-the-art engines

With the TwinAir system, the Fiat Group has acquired new pre-eminence in the field of engines. The result of the remarkable know-how gained by the company in over one century of life is expressed by some of the most important technological automotive developments in the world. Technology is indeed the only possible solution for the problems of the environment and mobility, as demonstrated by breakthroughs which over the years has allowed drastic reductions in exhaust emissions, fuel consumption and noise. Several significant milestones have attributed a new meaning to the concept of sustainable mobility, and the Fiat Group has contributed to some of the most important technological breakthroughs of the past decades.

1980 - The world's first variable valve timing (VVT)
Alfa Romeo was the first auto maker to introduce variable valve timing on standard production cars, namely on the 2.0 litre Alfa Romeo Spider in 1980. The Alfa Romeo system allows two-step variable timing of the intake camshaft. The delayed opening of the intake valve at low rpm improves idling stability and handling, while the early opening of the intake valve at medium-to-high rpm improves engine torque with the valve completely open, reducing hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide emissions at partial load, by increasing internal exhaust gas recirculation speed (EGR). Variable valve timing technology was later adopted by nearly all auto makers worldwide.

1985 - FIRE engine (Fully Integrated and Robotised Engine )
The FIRE engine, developed during the early 1980s, adopted the most advanced combustion and fluid dynamic technologies of the day. The engine structure was essential and designed to be produced cost-effectively on highly automated, robotised production lines.

Today the FIRE is still the best in its class and its modern, flexible design can be continuously, easily updated with state-of-the-art technology (turbocharger and MultiAir).

1987 - The world's first direct injection diesel engine for cars (Fiat Croma)
Pre-chamber diesel engines were introduced during the second half of the 1970s while research efforts were being concentrated on the more efficient direct injection technology with turbocharger then used for marine, commercial and industrial engines. In 1987, Fiat Group introduced the world's first direct injection diesel engine with variable geometry turbocharger on the Croma. Fuel consumption was excellent: 15% less than a previous-generation pre-chamber diesel engine, 30% less than a petrol engine.

1990 - Panda Elettra, the first mass produced electric car
Mass production of the Panda Elettra started in 1990. The car was equipped with a direct current motor and a lead–acid battery capable of ensuring a range of 70 km in the urban cycle and a top speed of 75 km/h.

Following this experience, Fiat starting mass producing another electric car in 1998 (the 600 Elettra) with better performance provided by a high-voltage alternating current induction engine.

1997 - The affirmation of Common Rail technology
When developing direct injection engines with turbocharger for cars (Fiat Croma – 1987), researchers discovered that another, fundamental revolution in direct diesel injection was needed to further improve engine performance and drastically improve noise and emissions. In 1987, the Fiat Group started a strategic research project (called UNIJET) to design an electronically controlled diesel injection system.

The industrial feasibility of the Common Rail system was fully demonstrated in 1993, and in 1994 Fiat and Bosch signed an agreement for industrialising the technology. The world's first Common Rail direct injection diesel engine was introduced on the Alfa Romeo 156 in 1997.

1999 - The world's first automated manual transmission (Selespeed)
In an automated manual transmission, gear shifts and the clutch, normally controlled by the driver, are instead controlled by a hydroelectric servo system, which automatically and very smoothly disengages the clutch, selects the optimal gear and engages the clutch. Development of the manual automated transmission technology started in 1992 on the basis of previous experience with Ferrari F1. In 1999, the world's first standard production manual automated transmission was introduced on the Alfa Romeo 156 - Selespeed.

2003 - MultiJet technology and SDE (Small Diesel Engine)
In 2003, Fiat created MultiJet, the second-generation multiple injection Common Rail: up to 5 injectors during one combustion stroke using an improved servo valve. In particular, the introduction of pre-injection further reduces combustion noise, while post-injection allows a considerable reduction of particulate and particulate filter regeneration.

MultiJet was designed for the new 1.3 litre SDE (Small Diesel Engine), the smallest direction injection diesel ever made. With low fuel consumption and excellent driving pleasure, the SDE MultiJet could be applied to the smallest models.

2003 - Flex Fuel
In Brazil, FPT - Fiat Powertrain Technologies - created Flex Fuel technology, able to use two different fuels, such as petrol and ethanol, mixed together in the same tank. FPT initially applied the technology to 1.0 litre engines, which accounts for 51.33% of all sales in Brazil (according to the May 2010 report of the Federação Nacional da Distribuição de Veículos Automotores). Since 2003 when it was first released, the FPT Flex engine range has been installed on nearly all Fiat cars sold in Brazil, including the Palio, the Idea, the Linea 1.9 and the recently introduced Uno.

Currently, FPT is preparing the launch of 1.6 litre and 1.8 litre E.torQ family engines also with Flex options. With a series of technological evolutions, the new engines mark the entrance in the medium segment of the company to offer Flex Fuel technology solutions on the entire vehicle range.

2006 - Tetra Fuel
Fiat went beyond, demonstrating its capacity of innovating within the alternative fuel vehicle segment by releasing the Tetrafuel engine in 2006. Applied to the Siena, the engine can run on ethanol and petrol, neat or in any mixing ratio, and also natural gas.

2009 - MultiJet II technology
MultiJet II technology achieves exceptional flexibility while maintaining the consolidated concept of electro-hydraulic injectors: up to 8 injections during each combustion stroke. An innovative hydraulically balanced servo valve allows faster, flexible programming of injection events and is the basis for increasingly advanced combustion control strategies. With correct management of pauses between two consecutive injections (Injection Rate Shaping), the MultiJet II can modulate fuel supply into the combustion chamber, further reducing emissions, fuel consumption and combustion noise.

2009 - The appearance of MultiAir technology
Another Fiat world first: MultiAir, introduced on 1.4 litre FIRE petrol engines, is a revolutionary electro-hydraulic valve control system for dynamic, direct air and combustion management, one cylinder at a time, one stroke at a time. Directly controlling the air by means of engine intake valves without using the throttle, MultiAir allows a drastic reduction in fuel consumption. Controlling fuel consumption also means lower pollutant emissions. Furthermore, response is considerably improved as a result of rapid, direct air management.

2010 - TCT (Twin Clutch Transmission)
Fiat Group Automobiles launched a new C635 6-speed transmission with TCT allowing a driving comfort equivalent to or even better than that of a conventional automatic transmission, at lower costs and with better fuel efficiency. The 350 Nm Twin Clutch Transmission (TCT) delivers more torque than any dry clutch transmission on the market. It was released for the first time on the Alfa Romeo MiTo in conjunction with a Fire MultiAir turbocharged engine, to provide optimally integrated control of the entire kinematic chain.

2010 - TwinAir: the world's first high-tech two-cylinder
The TwinAir, a high-tech two-cylinder engine with a displacement of only 0.9 litres, is an example of radical downsizing to obtain extremely low CO2 emission and fuel consumption levels in A and B segment cars. This result is possible by integrating MultiAir technology and a turbocharger which cooperate efficiently to optimise costs and fuel consumption. Advanced technical solutions were adopted to improve NVH (noise, vibrations and harshness), while excellent response is ensured by specifically tuning the control parameters of the kinematic chain.

Fiat 500 TwinAir 63 kW / 85 HP technical specifications

Length 3546: mm - Width: 1627 mm - Height: 1488 mm - Wheelbase: 2300 mm
Engine 0.9 TwinAir
Emissions level Euro 5
No. of cylinders and arrangement 2, in line, transverse front
Bore x stroke (mm) 80.5x86
3 875
No. of valves per cylinder 4
Compression ratio 10.0:1
Max. power output: CV-EEC (kW-EEC) @ rpm @ 5500 kW @ 6000 rpm with ECO button)
Max. torque: kgm-EEC (Nm-EEC) @ rpm 14,8 (145 ) @ 1900 (100 Nm @ 2000 rpm with ECO button)
Timing type Fully variable valve lift on intake; fixed timing on exhaust
Tappet control MultiAir on intake RFF on exhaust
Distribution (control) Chains
Fuel supply Multipoint port fuel


FIAT of Ft. Myers

14401 S Tamiami Trl
Directions Fort Myers, FL 33912

  • Studio: (888) 379-5754
  • Service: (888) 307-1467
  • Parts: (888) 913-5978


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